Since intraoperative strokes are predominantly caused by embolism instead of inefficient hemodynamic circulation, the occurrence of embolic signals may lead to a change of surgical treatment and thereby help to reduce the risk of intraoperative stroke. Emboli detection becomes particularly relevant in vascular surgery, when...

TCD has its importance in diagnosis, treatment decisionmaking, and prognosis of Sickle Cell Disease. By TCD measurement of elevated blood flow velocities (BFV), children, who may benefit from blood transfusions, can be identified even months before stroke. TCD guided, intensified therapy reduces stroke risk....